Country Report - Cape Verde

Status of Solar Heating/Cooling and Solar Buildings - 2016

Status of the Market for Solar Thermal Systems

Market Size and Trends

The table 2 shows the production of electricity in GWh from 2008 to 2014 and the respective share of renewable sources, such as solar and wind. It stands out that in 2014, 383 GWhe of electricity were generated from 15 thermal power station, 5 wind farms and 2 PV parks. The contribution of renewable source in the generation of electricity was 21.1% or 81 GWhe. However, it must be said, that the goal to be 100% renewable in the generation of electricity by 2020 is an ambitious projection.

There is no data available with regard to installed capacity of solar collector expressed in m2 or kWth. Available Customs Authorities data are expressed in terms of weight (kg) and value of import (ECV), the latter being the cost of product and freight. Such information can be cross-checked with the information provided by major importers/resellers in terms of number of units imported.

Table 9 shows imports of solar water heaters from 2002 to 2013 expressed in kg. Knowing the type of system from the survey, i.e., thermo siphon or forced circulation, it is estimated that every thermo siphon unit of 200 litres has a gross area 2.5 m2 and weights 150 kg. It is believed that the data from Customs Office are accurate.

From this table it is calculated that the average yearly import is 69.0 kWth and taking into account that the life time of high quality tested solar system is 20 years, this shows that the total capacity installed as of today to be about 1380 kWth. This estimation includes thermo siphon, forced and direct systems.

Typical Applications and Products

Solar thermal energy is mostly used in hot water service of hotels, residential accommodation, boarding rooms and hostels, and a few private homes. Hot water preparation for single family homes relies mostly on butane gas whereby water is simply heated on a stove to satisfy the need at hand. The majority of houses are not fitted with segregated hot water piping. Only a few houses, those owned by people in higher financial brackets may be able to afford hot water systems installed in their houses, and, when this happens, the system used is an electrical hot water heater of 15, 30 or 50 litres capacity. It is very seldom solar hot water heaters installed in homes.

Main Market Drivers

High costs of electricity in Cape Verde and the goal of becoming globally recognized because of the renewable energies.

Industry

The industrial sector in Cape Verde industry is very limited and its contribution to the GDP is also limited. Consequently its energy consumption is equally limited. However, industrial application of hot water can provide huge savings to producers.

Employment

There is no data available of how many jobs exist in the solar thermal business.

Costs

Price found in the market is around 700 € to 850 € per square meter, all included (storage tank, pipes, valves, installation, etc.). The most common type of imported solar collector is the indirect thermo siphon system of flat plate ranging from 150 litres to 300 litres; normally the 150 litres units have 2 m2 of area. Direct type collector of 160 litres capacity is also imported but mostly in S. Vicente, the second most populous island. In Cape Verde there is no local production of solar water heaters.

Other Key Topics

None.

Status of the Market for Solar Buildings

Scope

Data not available.

Market Size and Trends

Data not available.

Main Market Drivers

Data not available.

Employment

Data not available.

Costs

Data not available.

Other Key Topics

Data not available.

R&D Activities

R&D Programmes

Data not available.

R&D Infrastructure

Institution Type Research Areas Involvement Website
Department of Engineering and Marine Science of the University of Cape Verde (DECM-UniCV) ECEEE
Centre for Renewable Energy and Industrial Maintenance (CERMI) ECEEE

Actual Innovations

Data not available.

Support Framework

Background

The Common Customs Tariff considers renewable energy goods imported into the country as free of duties. Yet, VAT at a rate of 15.5% of taxable base must be paid at the Customs Office before clearance. Other minor taxes are applied.

Ministry of Tourism, Industry and Enterprise Development (MTIDE) is the government entity responsible to look after the implementation of above mention mechanism but there is an interface with the Ministry of Finance which supervises the Customs Office and the Internal Revenue Office (Tax Office). At the level of MTIDE the Directorate General of Energy and (DGE) and Economic Regulation Agency (ARE) are responsible for evaluating projects and implementing the measures foreseen by law.

Government Agencies Responsible for Solar Thermal, for Solar Building Activities

Data not available.

Most Important Public Support Measure(s) for Solar Thermal and for Solar Buildings

Data not available.

Information Resources

National Solar Associations (industry and non-industry)

Data not available.

National Associations on Green/Solar/Sustainable Buildings

Data not available.

Most Important Media for Solar Thermal and Solar Buildings

Data not available.